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BY REV. FRANCIS M. .PRICE,
Missionary of the America r Board in the Caroline Islands.
B. 36. C. 3f. /IB.,
Francis M. Tri,ce,
Lonsdale, R. I;
boston, July, 1899.
MISSIONARY EXPANSION IN THE PACIFIC ISLANDS.
We are urged to enlarge our work in the Islands of the Pacific,
1. By the noble changes wrought by the gospel in these islands. Mission-
aries have been at work in the Caroline Islands forty-seven years. Thirty
communities, representing more than 200 islands and islets, are now evan-
gelized. They have been transformed by the gospel. War has ceased,
polygamy has disappeared, lawful marriage has taken the place of loose
and lustful pairing of men and women, and new occupations and ideals
engage the attention of the people. They have discarded the outward
forms of heathenism, put on, to a large extent, the dress of civilization, and
are rapidly acquiring a knowledge of many useful arts. Every one of these
thirty communities has a native Christian teacher and his family, and a
church building in which are held the usual Sunday services, daily morning
and evening prayers, and a day school in which the primary branches are
taught. A German trader, himself not a Christian, while on a visit to Ruk,
attended the Sabbath services. He saw the people clothed and in their
right minds, observed their good behavior, their attention to the teaching,
their responses to the questions, their repeating the Commandments and
the singing of Christian hymns, and came away, saying: “The change is
simply wonderful ; I never saw anything like it.”
2. Again we are urged to this mo by the open doors before us. All
these evangelized islands lie in or east of the Ruk lagoon. Other islands
lying to the westward have long waited, and are now calling for us to “ come
over and help” them. Forty-seven years ago our missionaries were not
wanted in the Carolines ; the people were joined to their idols and wanted
to be let alone. But a great change has come over them. In the olden
time, when a native sailor stepped ashore on a distant island and was
greeted with the question: “What news in your country ? ” he must reply
by recounting deeds of lust, war, bloodshed, and death ; and prurient
crowds talked over these grewsome stories and became more and more
debased. Now the sailor has another story and different: “The people in
my land have accepted the religion of life.” Wars and fighting have
ceased, we travel about from island to island, and there is none to molest or
make afraid. We do not paint our bodies nor wear our hair long and great
strings of beads and charms in our ears as formerly ; but we put on clothing
made of foreign cloth, go to church twice every day, keep one day in seven
as a day of rest and worship, and our children are taught to read, and write,
and sing. Wondering crowds have listened to these stories and gone away
puzzled and to ponder. They are not told, neither do they ask, very much
about the teaching. It is the change that has come over their neighbors in
“the lands of the face of the day” that attracts their attention. They have
seen the beauty of the Bride’s garments from afar.
Two years ago the king of an island 300 miles away sent a request by
a sailor on a trading schooner, to come and tell his people about “the
religion of life,” and one enthusiastic young chief sent word by a Japanese
trader that he would give me $2 if I would locate a teacher at his place.
Thus a waiting people has been prepared for us. The time could not be
more opportune. “Lift up your eyes and look on the fields; for they are
white already to the harvest.”
3. The lifting of the American flag among these islands is God's summons
to the American churches to evangelize their peoples. The victory at Manila
threw open a door of blessing to many oppressed people, and we should
now hear the Master’s bugle call to the missionary to go into this island
world with the message of salvation.
Other societies have their allotted fields, but to the American Board is
conceded the task of evangelizing the Ladrone Islands. The American
flag now floats over Guam, the best and most important island of the group,
and America must have her share in shaping the future history of the
people. Not only this, but Guam will be as a city set on a hill among
the islands of Micronesia. American missionaries carried the gospel to the
people of Eastern Micronesia and the name of our country is ever on their
lips. Expectant eyes now look to Guam to see what America is like, and
Guam must be made a center of the best that our civilization can give.
I his means that we give them the gospel, with its churches, and schools,
and other Christian institutions. Surely the dictates of patriotism, as well
as obedience to our glorified Lord Jesus, urge us to “ take up the white
man’s burden,” and send forth chosen men and beloved who are willing to
“ hazard their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus.”
What, then, do we propose in order to meet our most pressing obliga-
tions in this island world ?
(1) Reenter Ponape. A little band of faithful, persecuted Christians
in Ponape await the return of their missionary fathers so ruthlessly driven
out nine years ago, and the money is in hand to meet the expense. That
we shall re-occupy Ponape is a foregone conclusion.
(2) Open two new stations in the Caroline and Ladrone islands — at
Yap and Guam. The accompanying sketch map will show at a glance the
relative positions of Ponape, Ruk, Guam, and Yap, and their convenience
and importance as centers for conducting the work in the above-named
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A glance at the map will show that Ruk is about the center of the
Caroline group. It consists of sixteen beautiful high islands surrounded
by a reef 135 miles in circumference, has many fine, commodious harbors,
and a population of 150,000. The headquarters of the Ruk Mission of the
American Board are at Taloas, in the Ruk lagoon, where there are two
large training schools for boys and girls, a schooner and other facilities for
touring among the islands of the Eastern Carolines, and a sufficient
missionary force. Ponape, 370 miles from Ruk, has, with adjacent islands,
Guam, the southernmost island of the Ladrone group, is a large, high
island, 600 miles west by north of Ruk. It has a population of 10,000 who
speak a corrupt Spanish — a language distinct from those of the Caroline
group. Being now a station of the United States Navy, our ships will visit
her at regular intervals, carrying mails and supplies. Through Guam we
shall come in touch with the homeland ; it will naturally be the base of sup-
plies for our mission.
The Mortlock group, consisting of three atolls with seven inhabited
islands, lie south by east of Ruk 160 miles, and Nukuor is 140 miles farther
Yap is 900 miles west by north of Ruk and 1,000 miles from Manila.
Between Ruk and Yap are two main groups of islands and many scattered
islets. The Pelew Islands are 250 miles southwest of Yap and 500 miles
from Mindanao. The languages of the Pelew and Oliai groups are closely
allied to that of Yap; the other islands have a language more like that of
In the South Pacific the trade-winds blow for six months in the year,
prevailingly from the northeast. With our many and widely scattered
islands, sailing is necessarily an important part of our work. Soon we shall
have a new Robert IV. Logan for this region, which can as well do the work
for all the islands as for the limited number she now visits, and with very
little additional cost, and this schooner can lay her course during the trade-
wind season from Guam to Nukuor and return with “ three sheets in the
wind ” both ways. Traveling along this line will be rapid and unhindered
by adverse winds. From Ponape westward the ship will fly before a lead-
ing wind, but must beat her way back with much labor. Guam is therefore
within easy access of Ruk and the Central Carolines, and reasonably so of
Ponape, but difficult to re.ach from Yap.
Notice, now, the plan and estimate of costs for opening this work and
continuing it five years :
First year, 1900. Open the station at Guam.
Salaries for two families, at $700 each, . . . $1,400
Two dwellings, at $1,250 each, . . . 2,500
Opening of Boys’ school and incidentals, . 300
Outfit and traveling expenses of missionaries, . . i,8oo
Total for first year,
Second year, 1901. Continue at Guam and open Yap.
Guam: Salaries of two families and one single lady, . $1,700
Schools and incidentals, ..... 300
Girls’ school building, ..... 1,250
Yap: Salary of one family, .... 700
Dwelling house, ...... 1.250
Opening of Boys’ school and incidentals, . . 200
Outfit and traveling expenses of missionaries, . 1,000
Total for second year, .... $6,400
Third year, 1902. Continue both stations.
Guam : Salaries, two families and two single ladies, . $2,000
Schools and incidentals, .... 400
Yap: Salaries, one family and one single lady, . . t,ooo
Schools and incidentals, .... 300
Girls’ school building, ..... 1,250
Total for third year, ..... $4,950
Fourth year, 1903. Continue and enlarge at both stations.
Guam : Salaries, as above, .... $2,000
Both schools, ...... 500
Teachers, ....... 100
Yap: Salaries, one family and two ladies, . . 1,300
Schools, ....... 400
Teachers, ....... 150
Total for fourth year, ..... $4,450
Fifth year, 1904. Continue and enlarge at both stations.
Guam : Salaries as above, ..... $2,000
Schools, ....... 500
Teachers, ....... 150
Yap: Salaries, as above, ..... 1,300
Schools, . . . . . . 500
Teachers, ....... 150
Total for fifth year, ..... $4,600
Separating the stations, we have :
Cost of Guam alone: First year, $6,000; Second year, $3,250; Third
year, $2,400; Fourth year, $2,600 ; Fifth year, $2,650; Contingent for five
years, $1,000, or total cost of Guam for five years, $17,900 — $3,580 a year.
Cost of Yap alone-. Second year, $3,150; Third year, $2,550; Fourth
year, $1,750; Fifth year, $1,950; Contingent for five years, $700, or total
cost of Yap for five years, $10,100 — $2,020 a year.
These estimates cover tlYe amount needed to open and carry on the
work at both Guam and Yap for five years and provide for three dwelling
houses for families and two buildings for girls. It is expected that the
boys will earn money and put up their own school buildings. They also
include cost of outfits and traveling expenses of outgoing missionaries and
a contingent of $1,700 to meet incidental expenses.
The following are two of the recommendations of the sub-committee
which the Prudential Committee have adopted :
We recommend the adoption of the five years’ plan presented by Mr. Price, with such
changes, modifications, and improvements as time and experience may suggest, the same
to go into effect only when valid pledges in sufficient amount have been secured.
We recommend, and encourage, and urge our brother and helper, the Rev. Mr. Price,
to find one man, if possible, who will establish this new work on Guam, and, under the
protection and support of our nation’s flag, make it headquarters and base of missionary
supplies for the new and enlarged work in the Caroline Islands; that he give the mission
his name if he choose, and that he assume the support of the work for the next five
years. Failing to find one man thus to undertake this work, we recommend the Rev. Mr.
Price to offer the establishment and support of this new work on Guam and the other
islands, for the next five years, to a limited number of persons in shares or proportional
parts. . . .
Most gladly would we receive gifts for the support of this noble work.
We are assured that no work can be more Christlike, no work yield more
rapid returns, or larger, for the outlay, and that no work offers a safer in-
vestment, or promises greater satisfaction to those who give. These poor,
neglected, waiting people reach out pleading hands for deliverance. Who
will respond by sending them the gospel? Pledges for 500 shares of $10
each for five years will assure the success of this plan.
Will you take one or more shares? If so, kindly fill out the blank on
the next page and forward it to the treasurer of the American Board,
F. H. Wiggin, No. 14 Beacon Street, Boston.
There may be those of larger means who will see the call of the Mas-
ter in this offer of the Prudential Committee, and desire to respond either
by memorial gift or thank-offering. Does this call come to you? If so,
will you select one of the following objects and avail yourself of the privi-
lege of giving a name to the station, school, or building?
The station at Guam: the entire cost for five years will be $3,580 a year.
The station at Yap : the entire cost will be $2,020 a year for five years.
Girls' school at Guam : the cost will be $1,000 a year for five years.
Girls' school building alone at Guam: cost entire, $1,500.
Girls' school at Yap : the entire cost will be $700 a year for five years.
Girls' school building at Yap : cost complete, $1,500.
The Harbor of Yap.
For the opening and support of work in the Caroline and Ladrone
Islands, I promise to pay The American Board of Commissioners for
Foreign Mission $ annually for
five successive years, payments to be made on or before January i, 1900,
1901, 1902, 1903, and 1904.